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This question comes up from time to time on the message board and on the internet. It is asked by people who hear about how Hollywood produces those great slow-motion sequences in major motion pictures. In Hollywood, movies are shot they put a big roll of film into the camera and have it record at a very fast frame rate, and then play it back at regular speed. The effect is slow motion. In camcorder land, it’s impossible to get slow motion this way. Now we find out why.

Part of the problem here is that people new to camcorders confuse shutter speed with frame rate. The frame rate of a camcorder is the number of times every second that the camera takes a picture of the world it sees. The shutter speed represents how long the frame stays open for to record any particular image. The shutter speed on camcorders is variable; the frame rate is not. For example, you would use a slow shutter speed in low-light situations to let in more light, but in bright situations you would use a fast shutter speed to restrict the amount of light coming in.

A film camera is a lot more versatile than a camcorder, mostly because you don’t need to configure a film camera to connect to a television. Since a camcorder must connect to a television, it must share the same frame rate that the television displays, which is (basically) thirty frames per second. Camcorders are built from the ground up to conform to this standard, and it is impossible to change.

However, it’s not impossible to get slow-motion in videography. When editing video on the computer, many editing programs have speed and duration options. For example, you could change a scene which originally lasts ten seconds to 50% speed, in which case it would now take twenty seconds. This is accomplished by the computer repeating every frame twice as the sequence is played, ie:

Original sequence:
A B C D E F G H I J…

New sequence:
A A B B C C D D E E…

In the same regard, you could also speed up the frame rate by having the sequence play every other frame, ie:

Original sequence:
A B C D E F G H I J…

New sequence:
A C E G H J L N P R…

Texas Instruments OMAP 5 Platform

Home remedies for Insomnia

’ಚಿಂತೆ ಇಲ್ಲದವನಿಗೆ ಸಂತೆಯಲ್ಲೂ ನಿದ್ದೆ ಬರುತ್ತಂತೆ ’ ಆದರೆ ಕೆಲವರನ್ನು ಸುಪ್ಪತ್ತಿಗೆ ಮೇಲೆ ಎತ್ತಿ ಹಾಕಿದರೂ ನಿದ್ದೆ ಮಾತ್ರ ಅವರನ್ನು ಆವರಿಸುವುದಿಲ್ಲ. ಇನ್ಸೋಮ್ನಿಯಾ ಎಂದು ಕರೆಯಲ್ಪಡುವ ನಿದ್ರಾಹೀನತೆ ಸ್ಥಿತಿ ಯಾರಿಗೂ ಬೇಡದ ಕಾಯಿಲೆ. ಇಂದಿನ ಹೈ ಸ್ಪೀಡ್ ಯುಗದಲ್ಲಿ ಕೆಲಸದ ಒತ್ತಡದಿಂದ ನಿದ್ರಾಹೀನತೆ ಉಂಟಾಗಿ ಬಳಲಿ ಬೆಂಡಾಗದೆ ಉಳಿದವರ ಸಂಖ್ಯೆ ವಿರಳ. ಇನ್ ಸೋಮ್ನಿಯಾದಿಂದ ಬಳಲುತ್ತಿರುವ ರೋಗಿಗಳು ಕೆಲವೊಮ್ಮೆ ದಿನಗಟ್ಟಲೆ, ವಾರಗಟ್ಟಲೆ ಕಣ್ಣು ಮುಚ್ಚದೇ ಬೇಡದ ಧ್ಯಾನಾವಸ್ಥೆಗೆ ದೂಡಿದ್ದಂತಾಗಿ ಸಂಕಟ ಪಡುವುದುಂಟು.
ನಿದ್ರಾಹೀನತೆಗೆ ಹಲವಾರು ಕಾರಣಗಳಿರಬಹುದು ಅಧಿಕ ಕೆಲಸದ ಒತ್ತಡ, ಮಾನಸಿಕ ಜಂಜಾಟ, ಹಾರ್ಮೋನ್ನಿನಲ್ಲಿ ಏರು ಪೇರು, ಚೈನ್ ಸ್ಮೋಕಿಂಗ್(ಸೀರಿಯಲ್ ಧೂಮಪಾನಿ?) ಆಲ್ಕೋಹಾಲಿಸಂ, ವೈದ್ಯಕೀಯ ಅವಘಡಗಳು ಹಾಗೂ ಜೆಟ್ ಲಾಗ್ ಇತ್ಯಾದಿ.
ಸಮಸ್ಯೆ ಎಂದ ಮೇಲೆ ಅದಕ್ಕೆ ಮನೆ ಮದ್ದು ಇದ್ದೇ ಇರುತ್ತದೆ:

* ಗಸಗಸೆಯನ್ನು ನುಣ್ಣಗೆ ರುಬ್ಬಿ ರಸ ತೆಗೆದುಕೊಳ್ಳಿ. ಅದಕ್ಕೆ ಸ್ವಲ್ಪ ಸಕ್ಕರೆ ಬೆರೆಸಿ ಪ್ರತಿನಿತ್ಯ ಊಟವಾದ ನಂತರ ಕುಡಿಯುತ್ತಾ ಬನ್ನಿ. ಇನ್ನು ಸ್ವಲ್ಪ ಸಮಯವಿದ್ದರೆ ಅಚ್ಚುಕಟ್ಟಾಗಿ ಗಸಗಸೆ ಪಾಯಸ ಮಾಡಿ ಕುಡಿಯಿರಿ ದೇಹಕ್ಕೂ ಮನಸ್ಸಿಗೂ ಹಿತ.
* ಹಸಿ ಈರುಳ್ಳಿ ಸಲಾಡ್ ಅನ್ನು ಪ್ರತಿದಿನ ರಾತ್ರಿ ಉಟದೊಡನೆ ತಿನ್ನಿ.
* ವಿಟಮಿನ್ ಬಿ ಸತ್ವವುಳ್ಳ ಆಹಾರವನ್ನು ಹೆಚ್ಚಾಗಿ ಸೇವಿಸಿ. ಧಾನ್ಯಗಳು, ಬೆಳೆ ಕಾಳು ಇತ್ಯಾದಿ ನಿಮ್ಮ ರೆಸಿಪಿಯಲ್ಲಿರಲಿ. ನಿದ್ರಾಹೀನತೆ ಹೋಗಿಸಲು ಇದು ಉತ್ತಮ ಆಹಾರ.
* ’ಉಂಡು ನೂರಡಿ ಇಡುವುದು ಉತ್ತಮ’. ಮುಂಜಾನೆ ಹಾಗೂ ಮುಸ್ಸಂಜೆ ವಾಕಿಂಗ್ ತಪ್ಪಿಸಬೇಡಿ.
* ಉತ್ತಮ ನಿದ್ದೆ ಬರಲು ರಾತ್ರಿ ಮಲಗುವ ಮುನ್ನ ಒಂದು ಲೋಟ ಹಾಲು ಕುಡಿಯಿರಿ ಸಾಕು.
* ನಿಮ್ಮ ಊಟ, ತಿಂಡಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಚೆನ್ನಾಗಿ ತುಪ್ಪ ಬೆರೆಸಿ ತಿನ್ನಿ. ಇದು ನಿದ್ದೆ ಬರಿಸುತ್ತದೆ.
* ಮುದ್ದೆ ತಿಂದು ನಿದ್ದೆ ಹೋದ ಗೌಡ ಎಂದು ಮಾನ್ಯ ಮಾಜಿ ಪ್ರಧಾನಿಗಳನ್ನು ಆಡಿಕೊಳ್ಳುವುದನ್ನು ಬಿಟ್ಟು, ರಾಗಿ ಮುದ್ದೆ, ರಾಗಿ ಮಾಲ್ಟ್ ಕುಡಿಯುತ್ತಾ ಬಂದರೆ ದೇಹಾಲಸ್ಯ ಕಮ್ಮಿಯಾಗುತ್ತದೆ. ಮನಸ್ಸು ನಿರಾಳವಾಗಿ ನಿದ್ದೆ ಹತ್ತುತ್ತದೆ.
* ಮಲಗುವ ಕೋಣೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಪ್ರಖರವಾದ ಬೆಳಕನ್ನು ಹಾಕಬೇಡಿ. ನಿದ್ರಾ ಸಮಯದಲ್ಲಿ ಮಂದ ಬೆಳಕು ಇರಲಿ.
* ರಾತ್ರಿ ಮಲಗುವ ಮುನ್ನ ಕೆಫೈನ್ ಭರಿತ ಕಾಫಿ, ಟೀ ಮುಂತಾದ ಪಾನೀಯಗಳು ಸೇವಿಸುವುದನ್ನು ಬಿಟ್ಟುಬಿಡಿ. ಚಳಿಗಾಲದಲ್ಲಿ ಎಲ್ಲಕ್ಕಿಂತ ಕಷಾಯ ಉತ್ತಮ.
* ಮದ್ಯಪಾನ ಸುಲಭ ಉಪಾಯ ಎಂದು ತೋರಿದರೂ ಅದು ಕ್ಷಣಿಕ ಪರಿಹಾರ ಎನ್ನಬಹುದು. ವೈದ್ಯರ ಸಲಹೆ ಮೇರೆಗೆ ಕೊಂಚ ಸೇವಿಸಿ ಮಲಗಿಬಿಡಿ. ಆದರೆ, ಮತ್ತೆ ಮತ್ತೆ ಬಾಟಲಿ ಕಡೆ ವಾಲಬೇಡಿ.
* ಮನಸ್ಸಿಗೆ ಹಿತ ಎನಿಸುವ ಸಂಗೀತವನ್ನು ಆಲಿಸಿರಿ ಅಥವಾ ಪುಸ್ತಕವನ್ನು ಓದತೊಡಗಿ ಆದರೆ, ಟಿವಿ ಆನ್ ಮಾಡಿಕೊಂಡು ಕಣ್ಣಿಗೆ ದಣಿವಾಗುವವರೆಗೂ ಕಾಯಬೇಡಿ.
* ಒಳ್ಳೆ ನಿದ್ದೆ ಬರಬೇಕಾದರೆ ದೈಹಿಕ ಕಸರತ್ತು ತುಂಬಾ ಮುಖ್ಯ. ಈಜಾಡುವುದು, ನಡಿಗೆ, ಸೈಕಲ್ ತುಳಿಯುವುದು ಮುಂತಾದ ಚಟುವಟಿಕೆಗಳಿಗೆ ಸಾಕಷ್ಟು ಸಮಯ ಕೊಡಿ.
* ಹಾಸಿಗೆ ಹಾಗೂ ದಿಂಬು ತುಂಬಾ ಮೃದುವಾಗಿರಬಾರದು ಅಥವಾ ತುಂಬಾ ಒರಟಾಗಿರಬಾರದು. ದಿಂಬು ಇಲ್ಲದೆ ಮಲಗುವ ಅಭ್ಯಾಸವಿದ್ದರೆ ಇನ್ನೂ ಉತ್ತಮ.
* ವೈದ್ಯರ ಸಲಹೆ ಮೇರೆಗೆ ನಿದ್ರೆ ಮಾತ್ರೆ ಸೇವಿಸಬಹುದು. ಆದರೆ, ಸ್ವಯಂವೈದ್ಯ ಎಂದಿಗೂ ಕೂಡದು. ಎತ್ತರ ಪ್ರದೇಶದಲ್ಲಿದ್ದಾಗಂತೂ ನಿದ್ರೆ ಮಾತ್ರೆ ಸೇವನೆ ಕೂಡದು.
ಅಂತಿಮವಾಗಿ ಯಾವ ಪ್ಲಾನ್ ವರ್ಕ್ ಔಟ್ ಆಗದಿದ್ದರೆ ಯೋಗ ಹಾಗೂ ಧ್ಯಾನಕ್ಕೆ ಮೊರೆ ಹೋಗಿ. ನೀವು ಬೇಡವೆಂದರೂ ನಿದ್ದೆ ಆವರಿಸುತ್ತದೆ. ಎಷ್ಟು ಅವಧಿ ನಿದ್ರೆ ಮಾಡಿದ್ದೀರಾ ಎಂಬುದು ಮುಖ್ಯವಲ್ಲ. ಎಷ್ಟು ಗಾಢವಾಗಿ ನಿದ್ರೆ ಹೋಗಿದ್ರಿ ಎಂಬುದು ಮುಖ್ಯ ನೆನಪಿಡಿ. ನಿದಿರೆಯೂ ಏಕೋ ಸದಾ ದೂರ ಎಂದು ಗುನುಗುವ ಮನಸು..ರಾತ್ರಿ ಆಯ್ತು ಮಲಗೋಣ ಎನ್ನುತ್ತಾ ನಿದ್ರಾದೇವಿಯ ವಶವಾಗುತ್ತದೆ

 

ಚಳಿಗಾಳಿ ಬೀಸತೊಡಗಿದೆ. ರಗ್ಗಿನೊಳಗೆ ಮತ್ತಷ್ಟು ಹೊತ್ತು ಹುದುಗಿ ಮಲಗುವ ಆಸೆ ಯಾರನ್ನೂ ಹೊರ ಬಿಡುತ್ತಿಲ್ಲ. ಹೀಗಿರುವಾಗ ಬಿಸಿ ಬಿಸಿ ಕಾಫಿ ಕುಡಿಯುವ ಮನಸಾಗುವುದು ಸಹಜ. ಆದರೆ ಕಾಫಿ, ಟೀ ನಮ್ಮ ದೇಹಕ್ಕೆ ಎಷ್ಟು ಆರೋಗ್ಯಕರ ಎನ್ನುವುದು ಪ್ರಶ್ನೆ. ಗೂಗಲ್ ಮಾಡಿದರೆ ನಿಮಗೆ ಕಾಫಿಯ ಸತತ ಸೇವನೆಯಿಂದಾಗುವ ಅಡ್ಡ ಪರಿಣಾಮಗಳ ದೊಡ್ಡ ಲಿಸ್ಟೇ ಸಿಗುವುದು! ಹೀಗಿರುವಾಗ ಚಳಿಯನ್ನೋಡಿಸುವ, ರುಚಿಕರವಾಗಿರುವ ಜೊತೆಗೆ ಆರೋಗ್ಯಕರವೂ ಆಗಿರುವ ಪೇಯವೊಂದರ ಅಗತ್ಯತೆ ಚೆನ್ನಾಗಿ ಅರಿವಾಗುತ್ತದೆ. ನಮ್ಮಲ್ಲಿ ಅಂದರೆ ಶಿರಸಿಯ ಕಡೆ ಯಾರೇ ಬರಲಿ.. "ಒಂದು ಕುಡ್ತೆ ಕಷಾಯ"ವನ್ನಾದರೂ ಕೊಟ್ಟೇ ಕಳಿಸುವುದು ವಾಡಿಕೆ. ಊಟದ ಸಮಯವೇ ಆಗಿರಲಿ, ಇಲ್ಲಾ ಹೊದ್ದು ಮಲಗುವ ಸಮಯವೇ ಆಗಿರಲಿ… ಕಷಾಯ ನಮ್ಮ ಹಸಿವನ್ನು ತಣಿಸದು, ನಿದ್ದೆಯನ್ನು ಆರಿಸದು. ಬದಲಿಗೆ ಜೀರ್ಣಶಕ್ತಿಯನ್ನು ಹೆಚ್ಚಿಸಿ, ಸುಖಕರವಾದ ನಿದ್ದೆಗೆ ಪ್ರೇರೇಪಿಸುವುದು. ಇಂತಹ ಕಷಾಯವನ್ನು ತಯಾರಿಸಲು ನಿಮಗೆ ತಗಲುವ ಸಮಯ ಕೇವಲ ೨-೩ ನಿಮಿಷ! ಆದರೆ ಮೊದಲು ಕಷಾಯದ ಹುಡಿಯನ್ನು ಮಾಡಿಟ್ಟುಕೊಳ್ಳಬೇಕಾದ್ದು ಅತ್ಯಗತ್ಯ. ಇದನ್ನು ತಯಾರಿಸಲು ತಗಲುವುದು ಕೇವಲ ೧೫ ನಿಮಿಷ. ಹೀಗೆ ತಯಾರಿಸಿಟ್ಟುಕೊಂಡ ಹುಡಿಯನ್ನು ಗಾಳಿಯಾಡದ ಡಬ್ಬದಲ್ಲಿ ಹಾಕಿಟ್ಟರೆ ತಿಂಗಳುಗಟ್ಟಲೆ ಬರುವುದು. ಈ ಪುಡಿಯನ್ನು ಉಪಯೋಗಿಸಿಯೇ ಕಷಾಯದ ಪೇಯವನ್ನು ತಯಾರಿಸುವುದು.

ಮೊದಲಿಗೆ ಕಷಾಯದ ಹುಡಿಯನ್ನು ಮಾಡುವ ವಿಧಾನ

ಬೇಕಾಗುವ ಸಾಮಗ್ರಿಗಳು :

೧. ಕೊತ್ತುಂಬರಿ ಬೀಜ – ೧/೨ ಲೋಟ

೨. ಜೀರಿಗೆ – ೧ ಲೋಟ

೩. ದಾಲ್ಚೀನಿ ಚಕ್ಕೆ -  ಹೆಬ್ಬೆರಳಿನ ಗಾತ್ರದಷ್ಟು

೪. ಲವಂಗ – ೫-೬

೫. ಏಲಕ್ಕಿ – ೫-೬ (ಸಿಪ್ಪೆ ಸಹಿತ)

೬. ಕರಿ ಮೆಣಸಿನ ಕಾಳು – ೬

೭. ಬಡೇ ಸೊಪ್ಪು (ಸೋಂಪು) – ಒಂದು ಮುಷ್ಟಿ.

(ಮೇಲೆ ಹೇಳಿರುವ ಲೋಟ, ಹೋಟೇಲಿನಲ್ಲಿ ಕಾಫಿ ಕುಡಿಯಲು ಕೊಡುವಷ್ಟು ಸಣ್ಣ ಲೋಟವೂ ಅಲ್ಲ, ಹಳ್ಳಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಆತಿಥ್ಯಮಾಡುವಾಗ ಕೊಡುವಷ್ಟು ದೊಡ್ಡದೂ ಅಲ್ಲ. ಮಧ್ಯಮ ಗಾತ್ರದ್ದು…:))

ಹುಡಿಯನ್ನು ಮಾಡುವ ವಿಧಾನ :

*ಮೊದಲಿಗೆ ಜೀರಿಗೆ + ಲವಂಗ + ಏಲಕ್ಕಿ + ದಾಲ್ಚೀನಿ + ಕರಿ ಮೆಣಸಿನ ಕಾಳುಗಳು ಎಲ್ಲವನ್ನೂ ಒಂದು ಚೆನ್ನಾಗಿ ಒಣಗಿದ ಬಾಣಲೆಗೆ ಹಾಕಿ ಹಾಗೇ ಚೆನ್ನಾಗಿ ಹುರಿಯಬೇಕು. (* ನೆನಪಿಡಿ ಎಣ್ಣೆಯನ್ನು ಹಾಕಿ ಹುರಿಯುವುದಲ್ಲ.) ಸುಮಾರು ಐದು ನಿಮಿಷದೊಳಗೇ ಕೆಂಪಗೆ ಹುರಿದು ಅದರ ಘಮ ಘಮ ಪರಿಮಳ ನಿಮ್ಮನ್ನಡರುವುದು.

*ಹಾಗೆ ಹುರಿದ ಪದಾರ್ಥಗಳನ್ನು, ಒಣಗಿದ ಮಿಕ್ಸಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಹಾಕಿಡಿ. ತದನಂತರ ಅದೇ ಬಾಣಲೆಗೆ ಕುತ್ತೊಂಬರಿ ಬೀಜವನ್ನು ಹಾಕಿ ಮೊದಲಿನಂತೇ ಚೆನ್ನಾಗಿ ಹುರಿಯಿರಿ. ಕೇವಲ ೨ ನಿಮಿಷದೊಳಗೆ ಕೆಂಪಗೆ ಹುರಿದು ಬರುತ್ತದೆ. ಅದನ್ನೂ ಮಿಕ್ಸಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಮೊದಲೇ ಹಾಕಿಟ್ಟಿದ್ದ ಮಿಶ್ರಣಕ್ಕೆ ಹಾಕಿಕೊಳ್ಳಿ.

*ನಂತರ ಮತ್ತೆ ಅದೇ ಬಾಣಲೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಸೋಂಪನ್ನು ಹಾಕಿ ಚೆನ್ನಾಗಿ ಹುರಿಯಿರಿ. ಇದೂ ಸಹ ಕೂಡಲೇ ಒಂದೆರಡು ನಿಮಿಷಗಳೊಳಗೇ ಹುರಿದುಬರುತ್ತದೆ.

*ಕೊನೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಎಲ್ಲಾ ಮಿಶ್ರಣವನ್ನೂ ಒಟ್ಟಿಗೇ  ಸೇರಿಸಿ, ಮಿಕ್ಸಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ನುಣ್ಣಗೆ ಹುಡಿಮಾಡಿ, ಗಾಳಿಯಾಡದ ಡಬ್ಬದಲ್ಲಿ ತುಂಬಿಸಿಟ್ಟರೆ ಘಮ ಘಮಿಸುವ ಕಷಾಯದ ಹುಡಿ ಉಪಯೋಗಕ್ಕೆ ಸಿದ್ಧ.

ಕಷಾಯ ಪೇಯವನ್ನು ಮಾಡುವ ವಿಧಾನ

ಇದು ಬಹಳ ಸುಲಭ.  ಒಂದು ಕಪ್ ಅಳತೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಹೇಳುವುದಾದರೆ …

ಮೊದಲು ಅರ್ಧ ಲೊಟ ನೀರಿಗೆ ಒಂದು ಚಮಚ ಮೊದಲೇ ಮಾಡಿಟ್ಟಿದ್ದ ಕಷಾಯದ ಹುಡಿಯನ್ನು ಹಾಕಿ ಕುದಿಸಿ. ಕುದಿ ಬರುತ್ತಿದೆ ಎನ್ನುವಾಗಲೇ ಅರ್ಧ ಲೋಟ ಹಾಲು (ಬೇಕಿದ್ದರೆ ಹಾಲು ಹಾಕದೆಯೋ ಇಲ್ಲಾ ಸ್ವಲ್ಪವೇ ಹಾಲನ್ನು ಹಾಕಿಯೋ ಮಾಡಬಹುದು) ಹಾಕಿ ಬಿಸಿ ಮಾಡಿದರೆ ಕಷಾಯ ರೆಡಿ. ಸಿಹಿ ಬೇಕಿದ್ದವರು ಒಂದು ಚಮಚ ಸಕ್ಕರೆ ಹಾಕಿ ಸೇವಿಸಬಹುದು. ಇನ್ನು ಮಕ್ಕಳಿಗೆ ಬರೀ ಹಾಲಿನಲ್ಲೇ ಕಷಾಯವನ್ನು ಮಾಡಿ ಕೊಟ್ಟರೆ ಮತ್ತೂ ಉತ್ತಮ. (ನೀರನ್ನು ತೀರಾ ಕಡಿಮೆ ಹಾಕಿಯೋ ಇಲ್ಲಾ ಹಾಕದೆಯೂ..).

ಈ ಕಷಾಯವನ್ನು ಕುಡಿಯುವುದರಿಂದ ಆಗುವ ಉಪಯೋಗಗಳು ಹಲವು.

೧. ಯಾವುದೇ ರೀತಿಯ ಅಡ್ಡ ಪರಿಣಾಮಗಳುಂಟಾಗದು. ಯಾವ ಹೊತ್ತಿನಲ್ಲೂ ಎಷ್ಟು ಬೇಕಿದ್ದರೂ ಕುಡಿಯಬಹುದು.

೨. ಕಫ, ಗಂಟಲು ನೋವು, ಅಜೀರ್ಣದ ತೊಂದರೆ – ಈ ಎಲ್ಲಾ ಸಮಸ್ಯೆಗಳಿಗೂ ಇದು ಉತ್ತಮ ಪರಿಹಾರವಾಗಿದೆ.

೩. ಪಿತ್ತದ ಸಮಸ್ಯೆ ಇದ್ದವರು ಟೀ, ಕಾಫಿಯನ್ನು ಸೇವಿಸಲೇ ಬಾರದೆನ್ನುತ್ತಾರೆ ವೈದ್ಯರು. ಹಾಗಿರುವಾಗ ಈ ಪೇಯ ಅತ್ಯುತ್ತಮ ಬದಲಿಯಾಗಿದೆ.

೪. ಒಮ್ಮೆ ಈ ಕಷಾಯದ ರುಚಿ ಹತ್ತಿದವರು ಮತ್ತೊಮ್ಮೆ ಯಾವುದೇ ಕೆಫೆಯ ಕಡೆಯೂ ಹೆಜ್ಜೆ ಹಾಕರು.

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Renowned for its rich iron content, spinach has become a much appreciated herb due to recent studies which prove its anticancerigenic properties.

Description of Spinach plant

Spinach (Spinacia oleracea) is an annual plant originating in the Middle East – more precisely from Afghanistan and Turkistan. Some assign its origin to the land of Persia – presently Iran. Long ago, the Arabians used it against throat and lung affections. In the 8th century, spinach was grown in Spain and France and in the 11th century it reached Sicily. In present times, the herb has become much appreciated because, according to research, fresh spinach leaves are anticancerigenic. It is a very renowned plant for its rich iron content. The iron that is contained in spinach (in its natural state) is very good for young children because when administrated at a pharmacy, it can easily be overdosed. Little do most known that apart from minerals and vitamins, spinach also contains oxalic acid – a substance that inhibits the absorption of calcium into the body.
spinach

Properties and benefits of Spinach

       Spinach contains an impressive range of active substances which are indispensable to the body. In its structure we find mineral salts (sodium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sulfur, iron, zinc, manganese, iodine, copper), vitamins (C, B1, B2, B6, PP, E, K, folic acid, vitamin A), chlorophyll, amino acids such as arginine and lysine, but also lipids, protides, glucdes and fibers. With only 17 calories, 100 grams of spinach supplies the body with 5 mg of iron, 500 mg of potassium, 170 mg of calcium, 23 mg of vitamin C, 2 mg of vitamin E, 150 micrograms of folic acid, 3500 micrograms of beta-carotene and 7 grams of alimentary fibers. Because of this, an alimentary diet which contains spinach, leads to the strengthening of the body. The magnesium contained in spinach helps prevent diabetes; iodine helps treat skin diseases and strengthens the immune system; vitamin K contributes to bone resistance; vitamin B improves cerebral activity, helps in maintaining the firmness of the skin and controls insomnia; potassium stimulates the cardiac muscle; beta-carotene prevents sight problems and sulfur increases hair attractiveness. Alimentary fibers, vitamins and minerals contained make spinach a good depurative and detoxifier. The toxins originating in nourishments that are rich in fat and proteins of animal origin are thus eliminated quickly. At the same time, alimentary fibers prevent constipation and colon cancer. They interact with the absorption of fat and adjust the level of cholesterol in the body. Moreover, spinach can help eliminate intestinal parasites. All of these are sufficient reasons to start a diet based on spinach or at least for introducing it more often into everyday nourishment. By being nutritive, tonifying, mineralizing, calming for the nervous system and also a good coagulant, spinach benefits growth.

Mixtures and treatments

       Spinach is recommended by nutritionists especially for convalescents, asthenics (both those suffering from physical asthenia and those with nervous asthenia) children, rachitics, elder people and for pregnant women also because the plant is efficient in the process of regenerating epidermis. Also, spring asthenia caused by deficiency of minerals and vitamins is successfully controlled through the consumption of spinach. Because of its properties, it is also recommended in the fight against cardiac affections, arterial hypertension, high blood sliminess, renal affections, atony of the urinary bladder, cystitis, diabetes, gout, renal insufficiency, obesity and also acne, abscess, psoriasis, burns, eczemas, wounds. Further on we shall present a few simple treatments using this plant, while observing that only the consumption of spinach in its raw state will keep all its elements active.

Spinach juice

       It is said that administering 0.5 l of juice per day can cure even the most severe cases of constipation. However, one fresh glass spinach plantof spinach juice, drunk in the morning, is also good for nervous depressions and fatigue. Spinach juice helps in the process of recovery of diseased organs, helps with duodenal ulcer, pernicious anemia, weakness, convulsions, deficiencies of the suprarenal glands or of the thyroid gland, low and high blood pressure, gum bleeding, limb inflammations, headaches, migraines, furunculosis, dental abscesses etc. To obtain the juice, spinach is placed in the meat chopping machine and afterwards the juice is collected.

Spinach infusion

       The infusion is useful for increasing diuresis in kidney or bladder diseases. This mixture is obtained by pouring a cup of boiled water on one teaspoon of crushed spinach leaves. The infusion is kept covered for 15 minutes. After filtering it, it is to be consumed in doses of two cups per day.

Cataplasms

       For external use, spinach cataplasms can calm burns. The leaves are soaked in boiling olive or soybean oil and they are fastened with a bandage on the affected areas. It is recommended to apply two or three cataplasms during the day. Also in external use, to obtain a healthy hair, the following receipt can be used: boil 125g of fresh spinach in 500ml of water for 15-20 minutes. The cataplasm is applied when the mixture has cooled down through a light massage of the scalp. After approximately an hour, the hair is washed.

Warning

      The consumption of spinach is not indicated for people who suffer from hepatitis, rheumatism, gastric and intestinal inflammations, or for people who are on a diet without salt. Those who confront themselves with hepatic affections should only consume it moderately – because of the oxalic acid that it contains.

click on image below to see complete composition of spinach per 100 gram.

 

spinach

These are some tricks that make use of programs listed in this guide and nothing will happen even if you go.

DISABLE INDEXING SERVICES

Indexing Services is a small little program that uses large amounts of RAM and can often make a computer endlessly loud and noisy. This system process indexes and updates lists of all the files that are on your computer. It does this so that when you do a search for something on your computer, it will search faster by scanning the index lists. If you don’t search your computer often, or even if you do search often, this system service is completely unnecessary. To disable do the following:

1. Go to Start
2. Click Settings
3. Click Control Panel
4. Double-click Add/Remove Programs
5. Click the Add/Remove Window Components
6. Uncheck the Indexing services
7. Click Next

OPTIMISE DISPLAY SETTINGS

Windows XP can look sexy but displaying all the visual items can waste system resources. To optimise:

1.Go to Start
2. Click Settings
3. Click Control Panel
4. Click System
5. Click Advanced tab
6. In the Performance tab click Settings
7. Leave only the following ticked:
– Show shadows under menus
– Show shadows under mouse pointer
– Show translucent selection rectangle
– Use drop shadows for icons labels on the desktop
– Use visual styles on windows and buttons

SPEEDUP FOLDER BROWSING

You may have noticed that everytime you open my computer to browse folders that there is a slight delay. This is because Windows XP automatically searches for network files and printers everytime you open Windows Explorer. To fix this and to increase browsing significantly:

1. Open My Computer
2. Click on Tools menu
3. Click on Folder Options
4. Click on the View tab.
5. Uncheck the Automatically search for network folders and printers check box
6. Click Apply
7. Click Ok
8. Reboot your computer

OPTIMISE YOUR PAGEFILE

If you give your pagefile a fixed size it saves the operating system from needing to resize the page file.

1. Right click on My Computer and select Properties
2. Select the Advanced tab
3. Under Performance choose the Settings button
4. Select the Advanced tab again and under Virtual Memory select Change
5. Highlight the drive containing your page file and make the initial Size of the file the same as the Maximum Size of the file.

Windows XP sizes the page file to about 1.5X the amount of actual physical memory by default. While this is good for systems with smaller amounts of memory (under 512MB) it is unlikely that a typical XP desktop system will ever need 1.5 X 512MB or more of virtual memory. If you have less than 512MB of memory, leave the page file at its default size. If you have 512MB or more, change the ratio to 1:1 page file size to physical memory size.

RUN BOOTVIS – IMPROVE BOOT TIMES download from(http://www.majorgeeks.com)
BootVis will significantly improve boot times

1. Download and Run
2. Select Trace
3. Select Next Boot and Driver Trace
4. A Trace Repetitions screen will appear, select Ok and Reboot
5. Upon reboot, BootVis will automatically start, analyze and log your system’s boot process. When it’s done, in the menu go to Trace and select Optimize System
6. Reboot.
7. When your machine has rebooted wait until you see the Optimizing System box appear. Be patient and wait for the process to complete

REMOVE THE DESKTOP PICTURE

Your desktop background consumes a fair amount of memory and can slow the loading time of your system. Removing it will improve performance.

1. Right click on Desktop and select Properties
2. Select the Desktop tab
3. In the Background window select None
4. Click Ok

REMOVE FONTS FOR SPEED

Fonts, especially TrueType fonts, use quite a bit of system resources. For optimal performance, trim your fonts down to just those that you need to use on a daily basis and fonts that applications may require.

1. Open Control Panel
2. Open Fonts folder
3. Move fonts you don’t need to a temporary directory (e.g. C:\FONTBKUP?) just in case you need or want to bring a few of them back. The more fonts you uninstall, the more system resources you will gain.

DISABLE UNNECESSARY SERVICES

Because Windows XP has to be all things to all people it has many services running that take up system resources that you will never need. Below is a list of services that can be disabled on most machines:

Alerter
Clipbook
Computer Browser
Distributed Link Tracking Client
Fast User Switching
Help and Support – (If you use Windows Help and Support leave this enabled)
Human Interface Access Devices
Indexing Service
IPSEC Services
Messenger
Netmeeting Remote Desktop Sharing (disabled for extra security)
Portable Media Serial Number
Remote Desktop Help Session Manager (disabled for extra security)
Remote Procedure Call Locator
Remote Registry (disabled for extra security)
Remote Registry Service
Secondary Logon
Routing & Remote Access (disabled for extra security)
Server
SSDP Discovery Service – (Unplug n’ Pray will disable this)
Telnet
TCP/IP NetBIOS Helper
Upload Manager
Universal Plug and Play Device Host
Windows Time
Wireless Zero Configuration (Do not disable if you use a wireless network)
Workstation
To disable these services:

Go to Start and then Run and type “services.msc”
Doubleclick on the service you want to change
Change the startup type to ‘Disable”

TURN OFF SYSTEM RESTORE

System Restore can be a useful if your computer is having problems, however storing all the restore points can literally take up Gigabytes of space on your hard drive. To turn off System Restore:

Open Control Panel
Click on Performance and Maintenance
Click on System
Click on the System Restore tab
Tick ‘Turn off System Restore on All Drives’
Click ‘Ok’

SPEEDUP FOLDER ACCESS – DISABLE LAST ACCESS UPDATE

If you have a lot of folders and subdirectories on your computer, when you access a directory XP wastes a lot of time updating the time stamp showing the last access time for that directory and for ALL sub directories. To stop XP doing this you need to edit the registry. If you are uncomfortable doing this then please do not attempt.

Go to Start and then Run and type “regedit”
Click through the file system until you get to “HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\Cur rentControlSet\Control\FileSys tem”
Right-click in a blank area of the window on the right and select ‘DWORD Value’
Create a new DWORD Value called ‘NtfsDisableLastAccessUpdate’
Then Right click on the new value and select ‘Modify’
Change the Value Data to ’1′
Click ‘OK’

DISABLE SYSTEM SOUNDS

Surprisingly, the beeps that your computer makes for various system sounds can slow it down, particularly at startup and shut-down. To fix this turn off the system sounds:

Open Control Panel
Click Sounds and Audio Devices
Check Place volume icon in taskbar
Click Sounds Tab
Choose “No Sounds” for the Sound Scheme
Click “No”
Click “Apply”
Click “OK”

IMPROVE BOOT TIMES

A great new feature in Microsoft Windows XP is the ability to do a boot defragment. This places all boot files next to each other on the disk to allow for faster booting. By default this option in enables but on some builds it is not so below is how to turn it on.

Go to Start Menu and Click Run
Type in “Regedit” then click ok
Find “HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\M icrosoft\Dfrg\BootOptimizeFunction”
Select “Enable” from the list on the right
Right on it and select “Modify”
Change the value to “Y to enable”
Reboot

IMPROVE SWAPFILE PERFORMANCE

If you have more than 256MB of RAM this tweak will considerably improve your performance. It basically makes sure that your PC uses every last drop of memory (faster than swap file) before it starts using the swap file.

Go to Start then Run
Type “msconfig.exe” then ok
Click on the System.ini tab
Expand the 386enh tab by clicking on the plus sign
Click on new then in the blank box type”ConservativeSwapfileUsage =1″
Click OK
Restart PC

MAKE YOUR MENUS LOAD FASTER

This is one of my favourite tweaks as it makes a huge difference to how fast your machine will ‘feel’. What this tweak does is remove the slight delay between clicking on a menu and XP displaying the menu.

Go to Start then Run
Type ‘Regedit’ then click ‘Ok’
Find “HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop\”
Select “MenuShowDelay”
Right click and select “Modify’
Reduce the number to around “100″
This is the delay time before a menu is opened. You can set it to “0″ but it can make windows really hard to use as menus will open if you just look at them – well move your mouse over them anyway. I tend to go for anywhere between 50-150 depending on my mood

MAKE PROGRAMS LOAD FASTER

This little tweak tends to work for most programs. If your program doesn’t load properly just undo the change. For any program:

Right-click on the icon/shortcut you use to launch the program
Select properties
In the ‘target’ box, add ‘ /prefetch:1′ at the end of the line.
Click “Ok”
Voila – your programs will now load faster.

IMPROVE XP SHUTDOWN SPEED

This tweak reduces the time XP waits before automatically closing any running programs when you give it the command to shutdown.

Go to Start then select Run
Type ‘Regedit’ and click ok
Find ‘HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop\’
Select ‘WaitToKillAppTimeout’
Right click and select ‘Modify’
Change the value to ’1000′
Click ‘OK’
Now select ‘HungAppTimeout’
Right click and select ‘Modify’
Change the value to ’1000′
Click ‘OK’
Now find ‘HKEY_USERS\.DEFAULT\Control Panel\Desktop’
Select ‘WaitToKillAppTimeout’
Right click and select ‘Modify’
Change the value to ’1000′
Click ‘OK’
Now find ‘HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\’
Select ‘WaitToKillServiceTimeout’
Right click and select ‘Modify’
Change the value to ’1000′
Click ‘OK’

SPEED UP BOOT TIMES

This tweak works by creating a batch file to clear the temp and history folders everytime you shutdown so that your PC doesn’t waste time checking these folders the next time it boots. It’s quite simple to implement

1. Open Notepad and create a new file with the following entries:

RD /S /q “C:\Documents and Settings\”UserName without quotes”\Local Settings\History”
RD /S /q “C:\Documents and Settings\Default User\Local Settings\History”
RD /S /q “D:\Temp\” <–”Deletes temp folder, type in the location of your temp folder”

2. Save the new as anything you like but it has to be a ‘.bat’ file e.g. fastboot.bat or deltemp.bat

3. Click ‘Start’ then ‘Run’

4. Type in ‘gpedit.msc’ and hit ‘ok’

5. Click on ‘Computer Configuration’ then ‘Windows Settings’

6. Double-click on ‘Scripts’ and then on ‘Shutdown’

7. Click ‘Add’ and find the batch file that you created and then press ‘Ok’

SPEED UP BOOT TIMES II

1. Start Registry Editor (Regedit.exe).

2. Locate the following key in the registry:

    HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\SessionManager\MemoryManagement\PrefetchParameters

3. Make sure you backup the keys by exporting them to a .reg file.

4. On the EnablePrefetcher value, change the setting from 3 to 5 (decimal).

5. Close the registry editor.

6. Restart your computer.

Note: Whatever you do DO NOT install a tool called BOOTVIS from Microsoft, unless you’re absolutely sure of what you’re doing and have good knowledge of the tool and it’s use.

SPEED UP BOOT TIMES III

When your PC starts it usually looks for any bootable media in any floppy or cd-rom drives you have installed before it gets around to loading the Operating System from the HDD. This can waste valuable time. To fix this we need to make some changes to the Bios.

1. To enter the bios you usually press ‘F2′ or ‘delete’ when your PC starts

2. Navigate to the ‘Boot’ menu

3. Select ‘Boot Sequence’

4. Then either move your Hard drive to the top position or set it as the ‘First Device’

5. Press the ‘Escape’ key to leave the bios. Don’t forget to save your settings before exiting

Note: Once this change has been made, you won’t be able to boot from a floppy disc or a CD-rom. If for some strange reason you need to do this in the future, just go back into your bios, repeat the steps above and put your floppy or CD-rom back as the ‘First Device’

SPEED UP BOOT TIMES IV

When your computer boots up it usually has to check with the network to see what IP addresses are free and then it grabs one of these. By configuring a manually assigned IP address your boot time will improve. To do this do the following:

1. Click on ‘Start’ and then ”Connect To/Show All Connections’

2. Right-click your network adapter card and click ‘Properties’.

3. On the ‘General’ tab, select ‘TCP/IP’ in the list of services and click ‘Properties’

4.I n the TCP/IP properties, click ‘Use the following address’ and enter an IP address for your PC. If you are using a router this is usually 192.168.0.xx or 192.168.1.xx. If you are not sure what address you could check with your ISP or go to ‘Start/run’ and type ‘cmd’ and then ‘ipconfig/all’. This will show your current IP settings which you will need to copy.

5. Enter the correct details for ‘Subnet mask’, ‘Default gateway’ and ‘DNS Server’. Again if you are not sure what figures to enter use ‘ipconfig/all’ as in stage 4.

 

ENSURE XP IS USING DMA MODE

XP enables DMA for Hard-Drives and CD-Roms by default on most ATA or ATAPI (IDE) devices. However, sometimes computers switch to PIO mode which is slower for data transfer – a typical reason is because of a virus. To ensure that your machine is using DMA:

1. Open ‘Device Manager’

2. Double-click ‘IDE ATA/ATAPI Controllers’

3. Right-click ‘Primary Channel’ and select ‘Properties’ and then ‘Advanced Settings’

4. In the ‘Current Transfer Mode’ drop-down box, select ‘DMA if Available’ if the current setting is ‘PIO Only’

ADD CORRECT NETWORK CARD SETTINGS

Some machines suffer from jerky graphics or high CPU usage even when a machine is idle. A possible solution for this, which, can also can help network performance is to:

1. RightClick ‘My Computer’

2. Select ‘Manage’

3. Click on ‘Device Manager’

4. DoubleClick your network adaptor under ‘Network Adapters’

5. In the new window, select the ‘Advanced’ tab

6. Select ‘Connection Type’ and select the correct type for your card and then Reboot

REMOVE ANNOYING DELETE CONFIRMATION MESSAGES

Although not strictly a performance tweak I love this fix as it makes my machine ‘feel’ faster. I hate the annoying ‘are you sure?’ messages that XP displays, especially if I have to use a laptop touchpad to close them. To remove these messages:

1. Right-click on the ‘Recycle Bin’ on the desktop and then click ‘Properties’

2. Clear the ‘Display Delete Confirmation Dialog’ check box and click ‘Ok’

If you do accidently delete a file don’t worry as all is not lost. Just go to your Recycle Bin and ‘Restore’ the file.

DISABLE PREFETCH ON LOW MEMORY SYSTEMS

Prefetch is designed to speed up program launching by preloading programs into memory – not a good idea is memory is in short supply, as it can make programs hang. To disable prefetch:

1. Click ‘Start’ then ‘Run’

2. Type in ‘Regedit’ then click ‘Ok’

3. Navigate to ‘HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\Cur rentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Memory Management\PrefetchParameters\ ‘

4. Right-click on “EnablePrefetcher” and set the value to ’0′

5. Reboot.

How do they make silicon wafers

ನರಕಕ್ಕೆ ಇಳ್ಸಿ  ನಾಲಗೆ  ಸೀಳ್ಸಿ 3125

ಬಾಯ್  ಒಲಿಸಾಕಿದ್ರೂನೆ 

ಮೂಗ್ನಲ್ ಕನ್ನಡ ಪದವಾಡ್ತೀನಿ !

ನನ್ ಮನಸನ್ನ ನೀ ಕಾಣೆ !           

    –  ಜಿ.ಪಿ. ರಾಜರತ್ನಂ

bananabunch1

Anaemia: High in iron, bananas can stimulate the production of haemoglobin in the blood and so helps in cases of anaemia.

Blood Pressure: This unique tropical fruit is extremely high in potassium yet low in salt, making it the perfect food for helping to beat blood pressure. So much so, the US Food and Drug Administration has just allowed the banana industry to make official claims for the fruit’s ability to reduce the risk of blood pressure and stroke.

Brain Power: 200 students at an English school were helped through their exams this year by eating bananas at breakfast, break and lunch in a bid to boost their brain power. Research has shown that the potassium-packed fruit can assist learning by making pupils more alert.

Constipation: High in fibre, including bananas in the diet can help restore normal bowel action, helping to overcome the problem without resorting to laxatives.

Depression: According to a recent survey undertaken by MIND amongst people suffering from depression, many felt much better after eating a banana. This is because bananas contain tryptophan, a type of protein that the body converts into serotonin – known to make you relax, improve your mood and generally make you feel happier.

Hangovers: One of the quickest ways of curing a hangover is to make a banana milkshake, sweetened with honey. The banana calms the stomach and, with the help of the honey, builds up depleted blood sugar levels, while the milk soothes and re-hydrates your system.

Heartburn: Bananas have a natural antacid effect in the body so if you suffer from heart-burn, try eating a banana for soothing relief.

Morning Sickness: Snacking on bananas between meals helps to keep blood sugar levels up and avoid morning sickness.

Mosquito bites: Before reaching for the insect bite cream, try rubbing the affected area with the inside of a banana skin. Many people find it amazingly successful at reducing swelling and irritation.

Nerves: Bananas are high in B vitamins that help calm the nervous system.

Overweight and at work? Studies at the Institute of Psychology in Austria found pressure at work leads to gorging on comfort food like chocolate and crisps. Looking at 5,000 hospital patients, researchers found the most obese were more likely to be in high-pressure jobs. The report concluded that, to avoid panic-induced food cravings, we need to control our blood sugar levels by snacking on high carbohydrate foods (such as bananas) every two hours to keep levels steady.

PMS: Forget the pills – eat a banana. The vitamin B6 it contains regulates blood glucose levels, which can affect your mood.

Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD): Bananas can help SAD sufferers because they contain the natural mood enhancer, trypotophan.

Smoking: Bananas can also help people trying to give up smoking, as the high levels of Vitamin C, A1, B6, B12 they contain, as well as the potassium and magnesium found in them, help the body recover from the effects of nicotine withdrawal.

Stress: Potassium is a vital mineral, which helps normalise the heartbeat, sends oxygen to the brain and regulates your body’s water-balance. When we are stressed, our metabolic rate rises, thereby reducing our potassium levels. These can be re-balanced with the help of a high-potassium banana snack.

Strokes: According to research in “The New England Journal of Medicine”eating bananas as part of a regular diet can cut the risk of death by strokes by as much as 40%!

Temperature control: Many other cultures see bananas as a “cooling” fruit that can lower both the physical and emotional temperature of expectant mothers. In Thailand, for example, pregnant women eat bananas to ensure their baby is born with a cool temperature.

Ulcers: The banana is used as the dietary food against intestinal disorders because of its soft texture and smoothness. It is the only raw fruit that can be eaten without distress in over-chronic ulcer cases. It also neutralises over-acidity and reduces irritation by coating the lining of the stomach.

Warts: Those keen on natural alternatives swear that, if you want to kill off a wart, take a piece of banana skin and place it on the wart, with the yellow side out. Carefully hold the skin in place with a plaster or surgical tape!